Tag Archive: marxisme


Arsip sejarah, tulisan asli Bung Karno asli pada 1926 di Soeloeh Indonesia Muda : Nationalism, Islam dan Marxism setelah ditranslasikan Ruth McVey.

NATIONALISM, ISLAM AND MARXISM

SOEKARNO

Like the son of Bima,1 who was born in an age of struggle, Young Indonesia2 now sees the light of day, at a time when the peoples of Asia are deeply dissatisfied with their lot—dissatisfied with their economic lot, dissatisfied with their political lot and dissatisfied with their lot in every other respect!

The age of being satisfied with conditions as they are has passed.  A new age, a youthful age has arrived, like the dawn of a dear morning. The conservative theory that “the little man must be satisfied with his lot, content to sit in the background of historical events and offer himself and his possessions in the service of those who stand out in front,” is no longer accepted by the people of Asia. Their faith that the men who rule them today are true “guardians” who will one day relinquish their” guardianship” is also wearing thin. Less and less do they believe that those who rule them today are really “elder brothers” who will voluntarily let them go free when they are “mature” and have “come of age.”

This disbelief is based on the knowledge, is based on the conviction that the primary cause of colonization is not the desire for fame nor the wish to see the world; nor is it the longing for freedom, nor population pressures faced by the colonizers in their own countries, as Gustav Klenun would have it3 The prime cause of colonization is the search for gain.

“Colonization is primarily the result of shortages of goods in the home country,” according to Dietrich Schafer.4 It was these shortages which caused the Europeans to seek their fortunes abroad, and explains why they colonized those countries which would yield them a profitable livelihood. And this is the reason, of course, why it is very difficult to believe in the emancipation of these colonies by their colonizers. A man does not readily give up his source of livelihood, since in doing so he signs his own death warrant.

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Karl Marx

Karl Marx

Karl Marx lahir di Trier, Prusia, 5 Mei 1818. ayahnya, seorang pengacara, menafkai keluarganya dengan relatif baik, khas kehidupan kelas menengah. Orang tuanya adalah dari pendeta yahudi (rabbi). Tetapi, karena alasan isnis ayahnya menjadi penganut ajaran Luther ketika Karl Marx masih sangat muda. Tahun 1841 Marx menerima gelar doktor filsafat dari Universitas Berlin, Universitas yang sangat di pengaruhi oleh Hegel dan guru – guru muda penganut filsafat Hegel, tetapi berpikir Kritis. Gelar doktor Marx di dapat dari kajian filsafat yang membosankan, tetapi kajian itu mendahului berbagai gagasannya yang muncul kemudian.
Setelah tamat ia menjadi penulis untuk sebuah koran liberal radikal dan dalam tempo 10 bulan ia menjadi editor kepala koran itu. Tetapi karena pendirian politiknya, koran itu kemudian di tutup pemerintah. Esai – esai awal yang di terbitkan dalam periode mulai mencerminkan sebuah pendirian yang membiumbing Marx sepanjang hidupnya. Esai-esai tulisan Marx itu secara bebas di taburi prinsip-prinsip demokrasi , ia menolak keabstrakat filsafat hegelian, mimpi naif komunis utopiadan gagasan aktivis yang mendesak apa yang ia anggap sebagai tindakan politik prematur. Dalam menolak gagasn aktivis ini Marx meletakkan landasan bagi gagasan hidup sendiri.
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