Tag Archive: nasionalisme

Oleh: Ninok Leksono
Dalam seri pertama tulisan mengenai ”100 Tahun Kebangkitan Nasional” pekan lalu disinggung, Kebangkitan Nasional tak bisa dilepaskan dari munculnya elite berpendidikan di Bumi Nusantara. Ulasan mendalam mengenai hal ini dapat dijumpai, antara lain, dalam The Emergence of the Modern Indonesian Elite oleh Robert van Niel (1960, terjemahan Pustaka Jaya, 1984).

Dikemukakan pula, pada akhirnya Pemerintah Belanda merasa terpanggil secara moral untuk memperbaiki perikehidupan pribumi di tanah jajahan Hindia Belanda. Ini pula semangat dari pidato tahunan kerajaan, September 1901, dimana Ratu Wilhelmina menyebut tentang ”satu kewajiban luhur dan tanggung jawab moral untuk rakyat di HindiaBelanda”.

Laporan wartawan Belanda, Pieter Brooshooft (bekerja di redaksi harian De Locomotief di Semarang), yang pada tahun 1888 menyaksikan sendiri kehidupan sengsara rakyat pribumi, dipercayai ikut memengaruhi lahirnya kebijakan baru tersebut.
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Arsip sejarah, tulisan asli Bung Karno asli pada 1926 di Soeloeh Indonesia Muda : Nationalism, Islam dan Marxism setelah ditranslasikan Ruth McVey.



Like the son of Bima,1 who was born in an age of struggle, Young Indonesia2 now sees the light of day, at a time when the peoples of Asia are deeply dissatisfied with their lot—dissatisfied with their economic lot, dissatisfied with their political lot and dissatisfied with their lot in every other respect!

The age of being satisfied with conditions as they are has passed.  A new age, a youthful age has arrived, like the dawn of a dear morning. The conservative theory that “the little man must be satisfied with his lot, content to sit in the background of historical events and offer himself and his possessions in the service of those who stand out in front,” is no longer accepted by the people of Asia. Their faith that the men who rule them today are true “guardians” who will one day relinquish their” guardianship” is also wearing thin. Less and less do they believe that those who rule them today are really “elder brothers” who will voluntarily let them go free when they are “mature” and have “come of age.”

This disbelief is based on the knowledge, is based on the conviction that the primary cause of colonization is not the desire for fame nor the wish to see the world; nor is it the longing for freedom, nor population pressures faced by the colonizers in their own countries, as Gustav Klenun would have it3 The prime cause of colonization is the search for gain.

“Colonization is primarily the result of shortages of goods in the home country,” according to Dietrich Schafer.4 It was these shortages which caused the Europeans to seek their fortunes abroad, and explains why they colonized those countries which would yield them a profitable livelihood. And this is the reason, of course, why it is very difficult to believe in the emancipation of these colonies by their colonizers. A man does not readily give up his source of livelihood, since in doing so he signs his own death warrant.

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